One matter I have hardly ever at any time viewed was a straightforward and straight-forward clarification of Japanese grammar.
Phone it “zen-attitude” if you like, but I am all about retaining points easy and minimalistic! As a result there are a pair of points I want to deal with when talking about the Japanese language.
I have learned that 1 of the very best means to describe Japanese, is by making use of literal translations, occasionally accompanied by an “implied translation” with the emphasis-place(s) highlighted or underlined. Here is what I imply:
Japanese: Kore-wa pen desu.
English: This[-of what I speak] pen is.
Implied translation: This is (a) pen.
The purpose for this is that, although it is really genuinely wonderful to know what individuals are saying in a overseas language – it is also particularly useful if you know how individuals foreigners assume and talk in their native language!
The other purpose is just that as soon as you start contemplating like a Japanese individual, with Japanese phrase-get in head, your sentences and grammatical constructions will start out to stream far more by natural means. This all-natural stream of issues is known as “the Pressure”.
Genuinely!? Effectively no, but that assists us transition to our following stage: Yoda.
Yoda is of terrific desire to Japanese language-learners because his grammar structure is almost identical to standard Japanese. For illustration:
Japanese: Watashi-no tomodachi-no kuruma-wa shiroi desu!
English: My friends’ car[-of what I speak] white is!
“Yoda-model”: My friends’ auto, white it is!
Implied translation: My friends’ car is white.
A lot more precisely nonetheless, the term buy in the Japanese language is classed as “issue-object-verb“. Consider the case in point sentence about the pen: Kore-wa pen desu.
Pretty much it reads as “This pen is“. In that sentence the issue is the term “This” which is marked by the grammar-marker (or “particle” as they are called) “wa”. Eventually the verb to be is conjugated in the present tense as “is” or in Japanese as: desu.
You will hear the term “desu” a great deal in Japanese. Though the suitable way of crafting it phonetically in English is “desu”, it in fact seems much more like “dess”.
The Flexibility of Japanese Word Order
In the preceding paragraph, I outlined the words and phrases “grammar-marker” or “particle”. These are essential features of the Japanese language which I’ll be covering in a future write-up, so we will not likely go above them just however. For now it truly is adequate that you have an understanding of that Japanese word purchase is really flexible simply because a “particle” tells you what a phrase is doing in a sentence.
For case in point in this sentence the particle “wa” stands behind the term “This” (prepared as “kore”) to suggest that it is the topic of the sentence. Consider a second appear: “Kore-wa pen desu.”
For now try to remember merely to observe the way of the Pressure and you will not go erroneous in Japanese!