The Muslim Period

The Muslim time period was from 600 to 1600 A.D in the record of chemistry and is know as the interval of alchemist. in the center ages, chemistry was offered a spurt of get the job done. Throughout the to start with number of centuries of Hijra, the Muslim Scientist built prosperous contribution to the a variety of branches of science, specially in the field of chemistry and released scientific approaches and experimantations. the modern scientific awareness is based mostly on the contributions of these Muslim scholars.

The alchemists developed and made use of quite a few laboratory devices such as funnels, breakers, crucibles for melting and fusion, retorts for distillation, balances for weighing, etcetera. They discovered many acids, alcohols and medications.

Jabir Ibne-Haiyan (721-803 A.D), commonly known as the father of alchemy, invented experimental solutions for the preparing of nitric acid, hydrochloric acid and white lead. He also developed procedures for the extraction of metals from their ores and dying cloths.

Al-Razi (862-930 A.D) was a medical professional, alchemist and a philosopher. He was and specialist surgeon and was the first to use opium as an anesthesia. He divided the substances in to residing and non-residing origins, which was afterwards adopted by Berzellius, in 1806 to classify chemical compound on the basis of their orgins as organic and inorganic compounds Al-Razi prepared ethyl alcohol by the fermentation course of action.

Al-Beruni (973-1048 A.D) contributed a good deal in physics, metaphysics, arithmetic, geography and history. in the discipline of chemistry, he decided the densities of distinctive substances.

Ibne-Sina (980-1037 A.D) was renowned for his contribution in the industry of medications, medicinal chemistry, philosophy, mathematics and astronomy.

These Muslims alchemists were interested a lot more in locating a way to prolong everyday living and to change baser metals like lead, copper in to gold. Though their attempts were being futile but their researches led to the discoveries of quite a few substances and laid the basis of chemistry. By the late sixteenth like sulpheric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, silver nitrate, etcetera had been learned. Chemist of that time period, on the other hand, devoted their energies mainly of the manufacturing of prescription drugs for the use of medications.